Kakkaman – A Behaviour Change Communication Campaign for FSM

Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) is an important emerging area of work, and the related solutions are gradually gaining traction with various state governments in India. The Government of Tamil Nadu (GoTN) aims to effect improvements along the urban sanitation chain and scale FSM across 663 towns in the state. However, the sustainability of such efforts requires not just infrastructure, but also change in behaviour and practices that creates a supportive environment and establish ownership towards safe sanitation among all stakeholders. The ‘Kakkaman Campaign’ which is a Behaviour Change Communications campaign is designed to address this.

The Approach

Primary and secondary research indicated the prevalent taboo and stigma around sanitation. TNUSSP hence developed a BCC strategy aimed at:

WEDC BCC Presentation
  • Bringing ‘sanitation out of the closet’ and making it an everyday topic.
  • Making consumers as well as Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) embrace FSM with an increased sense of ownership.

Kakkaman Film

To promote a positive behaviour change towards sanitation, GoTN attempted to give a human face to sanitation by creating Kakkaman (meaning Shit-Man), the state’s own sanitation mascot. A BCC campaign centred on the fun and friendly ‘Kakkaman’ has been developed to take key messages on FSM and the full cycle of sanitation (FCS) to the people of the state, in two phases.

Let Talk Sanitation

Kakkaman is here this WTD2020

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Trichy Campaign Pictures

The first set of messages were broad, introducing the concept of sanitation and FCS, urging people to think beyond ‘toilets’. The second set of messages were designed to inform the people of Tamil Nadu about the upcoming treatment facilities near them, the importance of their functioning and usage, including a joint call to action to take part in the Kakkaman campaign.

Voices From the Ground

The first set of messages were broad, introducing the concept of sanitation and FCS, urging people to think beyond ‘toilets’.

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Campaign Material

BCC Resources