The government of Tamil Nadu (GoTN) has been a pioneer in the sanitation sector by recognising the importance of full sanitation coverage as core to improved standards of public health. It has prioritised the full cycle of sanitation, including strengthening of septage management as an economical and sustainable complement to network-based sewerage systems.
The Tamil Nadu Urban Sanitation Support Programme (TNUSSP) aids the GoTN in scaling urban sanitation, especially fecal sludge management (FSM) solutions across the state.
Launched with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), TNUSSP has been set up as a technical support unit (TSU) within GoTN’s Municipal Administration and Water Supply (MAWS) department.
The programme led by the 35-member team at the Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS) works in collaboration with eight partner organisations.
Scope of the Programme
TNUSSP provides support to GoTN, for requisite policies, regulations, and financing; infrastructure design and technology; quality assurance; capacity building and behaviour change communications.
TNUSSP is currently working in two urban locations to test and demonstrate approaches, build credibility for innovations, and understand on-the-ground challenges. The team works with urban local bodies, private informal sector and diverse urban communities including the urban poor, women SHGs, and sanitation workers. The selected cities are representative of the urbanisation pattern of Tamil Nadu:
- Tiruchirappalli or Trichy, a partially-sewered large city that needs FSM as a complementary solution to become 100 per cent sanitation secure.
- Periyanaicken-Palayam (PNP) and Narasimhanaicken-Palayam (NNP), a cluster of two small towns, that will use FSM as a stand-alone solution to demonstrate clustering of towns.